Soccer matches around the world have seen deadly stadium disasters, sometimes triggered by crowd violence and often made worse by inept police responses that result in spectators being crushed as they try to flee.
These deadly events have prompted major changes, such as the phasing out of fenced-in terraces where crowds of fans can stand in favor of seating-only stadiums. But fatal trampling still occurs, with more than 125 dead in Indonesia on Saturday.
These are some of the worst past disasters.
Peru – 1964
More than 300 people were killed and more than 500 injured in a riot in Lima, Peru, sparked by a referee’s decision to disallow Peru’s equalizing goal in the final minutes of an Olympic qualifying match against Argentina. On that May 24, 1964, episode, some fans stormed the pitch of the National Stadium and others threw objects at the police, who responded by firing tear gas grenades, driving the terrified crowd into the closed exit corridors. Most of the dead were trampled in the tunnels, but an unknown number were shot by police.
Russia – 1982
The fatal crush in a match between a team from Moscow and the visiting Dutch team on October 1. On October 20, 1982, he was long shrouded in secrecy. Official reports mentioned only a handful of injuries, until it emerged in 1989 that at least 66 people had been killed, with a Soviet newspaper saying the death toll reached 340. Football hooligans were first blamed, but Soviet media later said that police had forced fans out down a single corridor in the Luzhniki Stadium, where they were crushed like others. he tried to run back to the stadium after hearing the news of a late goal from the Soviet side.
England – 1989
Local authorities and some media outlets had long blamed drunken and unruly Liverpool fans for the death of 97 football fans at an FA Cup semi-final between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest in Sheffield on April 15, 1989. That notion was rejected by a British inquiry in 2016, which found that those killed at Hillsborough Stadium had been victims of bugs police. It was a vindication that survivors had been seeking for decades. That disaster prompted security reforms, including removing standing areas and fencing around soccer fields.
Win – 2001
When Kumasi Asante Kotoko fans began throwing objects onto the pitch as their team fell behind their main rival Hearts of Oak on May 9, 2001, police fired tear gas into the stands, sparking a chaotic run towards the exits that killed 126 people. Joe Aggrey, Deputy Sports Minister of Ghana, told the bbc that he believed the use of tear gas caused the disaster, adding that he saw groups of dead youths too numerous for him to count. “I’m devastated,” he said.